General turf FAQ
A. Selection of the suitable turf variety for your situation is a somewhat subjective process. First, you must consider varieties that perform best in your local climate and soil type...there's no sense trying to make a turf variety work in an environment that it wasn't designed for. Secondly, you should look for varieties that combine the overall qualities that are most important to you: aesthetics, maintenance requirements, environmental aspects, etc. For a general guide on which turf is best for your situation, click here (PDF).
A. There is a common misconception that seeding is the best way to establish a lawn because it is much less expensive than turfing. In reality, turfing the area turns out to be less expensive over time once costs such as increased maintenance inputs and repair are accounted for. Add to that the instantaneous and finished look you achieve with turf and it's clear to see that turfing the area is preferable in most instances. Here are other points to consider when deciding whether to seed or turf:
• A professional turf lawn needs no special care because it is a healthy mature lawn when installed, whereas a sprigged or seeded lawn requires years of nurturing to reach maturity. Turf is grown under expert supervision from either top quality seed blends or certified hybrid sprigs. After it has been installed, just water, mow and fertilize your turf lawn as needed and it will remain a healthy, green carpet of grass, requiring very little maintenance. NOTE: once established. See Buffalo turf installation for how to care for a new lawn.
• Turf can be installed practically anywhere, even where seeding is impossible or too costly. Turf is often used to stop soil erosion and water pollution on slopes where rain would wash away both seed and soil.
• Turf establishes itself quickly. In a couple of weeks, it is ready for full use. It creates the perfect surface for lawn games and family outdoor living. With todays various blends of hardy grasses, turf is chosen for parks, golf courses, athletic fields, as well as residential homes and business parks.
Turf has revolutionized the lawn business! Now you can install a turf lawn anytime during the year when the ground can be tilled. There is no need to wait for the "right" season to establish your lawn.
• Turf is the only way to go from bare soil to lush, green lawn in just hours. Yet, it is relatively inexpensive to use. In the few hours it takes to install your turf lawn, your property value increases significantly and even more in aesthetic value.
• With todays ecological concerns, many more people are considering turf for its environmental benefits. Turf cools and cleans the atmosphere by reflecting the sun's heat and absorbing noises, carbon dioxide and other harmful pollutants. It releases valuable oxygen and moisture into the air we breathe. As it grows, turf silently contributes to a healthier environment.
• Today we expect convenience, efficiency and quality in our products. Buildings are going up almost overnight and attractive landscaping is installed in hours. Why wait one or two years for a new lawn to struggle to maturity when you can have a beautiful turf lawn complimenting your buildings right now. That high quality turf lawn can be conveniently installed in hours, at a surprisingly low cost.
A. Since all of our current turf varieties are vegetatively reproduced, they are not sold in the form of seed. There are other turf varieties that are sold as seed, but to date, no warm season buffalo has shown adequate performance.
Specific Prestige® Buffalo FAQ
A. We do not sell our turf varieties directly. Instead, our varieties are sold by licensed growers throughout Australia and overseas. To find a list of licensed growers and suppliers in your area, please visit our where to buy page.
A. All of Ozbreed's turf varieties are vegetatively produced, they are not sold in the seed form. There are other turf varieties that are sold as seed, but to date, no warm season Buffalo grass has shown adequate performance.
A. The sales price of Prestige® Buffalo is set by our licensed growers and the retailers that sell the varieties. As such, please visit our where to buy page and identify a sales outlet in your area that can supply you with this information.
A. Prestige® turf is a shade tolerant cultivar, but the following information must be taken into consideration. Turf in general declines in quality as the degree of light decreases in a given area. Every shade situation is unique unto itself. There is no "cookie cutter" formula to determine if a shaded area will or will not support grass. Details such as degree of shade, elevation of tree branches, type of tree, root invasion, soil type, and maintenance practices are only a few of the variables that must be considered in determining whether or not to attempt to install turf in a shaded area. Detailed shade studies are few and far between, but some promising new studies are now underway.
We believe the best approach is to test a small shaded area using small amounts of turf before heavily investing into a large area. Prestige® turf must have 2-4 hours of sunlight or high filtered light to survive. The best scenario is to have Prestige® Buffalo installed into a newly landscaped lawn, which permits a gradual adaptation to the shaded environment. Installing Prestige® Buffalo or any other turf in heavy shade during the hot, humid summer months is recommended only for professionals that understand special measures and techniques used for satisfactory results. It is best to turf shaded areas during cooler months when the stress caused by heat and humidity is minimised. If it will not survive in your shaded area, consider using some alternative ground cover.
A. Prior to installation, prepare the soil appropriately (see installation tips). The grass must be freshly cut, delivered promptly, and placed within 36 hours of cutting. During the hotter summer months, installation should occur within 24 hours or less when possible. Prestige® turf is a dense cultivar of soft leaf Buffalo that must be given special attention during hot weather. The temperatures on the pallet can easily reach 130 degrees which will "cook the grass" if not cooled or placed immediately. Slight yellowing is normal when placing turf during summer conditions, but deep yellowing or browning indicates older grass which may not recover from transplanting. Cutting, shipping, and placing turf must be more carefully coordinated during the hotter months of summer.
Initial establishment is the most critical stage. The turf has been produced in full sun, had its roots cut off, and is being placed in an different environment! Water the turf for 1 hour upon installation. After that, water one to three times a week, depending on the amount of shade, type of soil, drainage, etc. Shaded areas require less moisture than sunny locations. DO NOT KEEP THE GRASS SATURATED WITH WATER! It is better to allow the turf to wilt slightly than to overwater. NOTE: Foliage needs to remain moist for the first week. Having the soil wet 20cm down will not benefit the lawn, as roots haven’t established its best to frequently water as to keep the foliage and runners moist.
The grass should put down new roots within a week to fourteen days. If no new roots are showing and/or if you are seeing brown spots in your lawn, apply a fungicide and call your supplier or lawn care expert immediately. A fungicide containing the base chemical Daconil 2787 may be applied topically to aid in reducing leaf spot during the re-establishment period. For more serious problems, systemic fungicides such as Banner (Immunox), Cleary's 3336 (Thiophate), or Bayleton (Fung-away) may be used. Time is of the essence!
A. Once turf is established, shaded areas continue to require less water than full sun areas. Again, a fungicide may be needed during hot rainy periods when the grass blades remain moist for prolonged periods to reduce grey leaf spot and brown patch. For an established shaded lawn, a good rule of thumb for watering is to allow the grass to wilt slightly, apply up to, but no more than 2.5cm of water; only water again when there is more wilt. There are occasions when spot watering will be necessary.
A. Generally, Prestige® Soft Leaf Buffalo does very well when planted in spring or autumn. During these times, the stresses on turf from heat, humidity, cold, etc. are low and the turf has the best chance of recovering quickly from the shock of transplantation. It is important to note that although spring and autumn are the best times, Prestige® turf is planted throughout the year with great success.
One note of warning: if you wish to plant Prestige® Buffalo in the hottest summer months (January-February) and you live in a very hot-humid area, please consider a precautionary fungicide application immediately after the turf is installed. This step is preventative in nature but is recommended, especially if you are installing your Prestige® turf into a shaded setting, due to the combination of stresses and the amount of water applied to the grass to assist in re-establishment. These conditions are very conducive to disease formation and should be addressed prior to any problems arising. This step is recommended for the installation of all turf varieties subject to these stresses, not just Prestige® Buffalo.
A. A Prestige® lawn can be used effectively in situations that present limited salt exposure. It performs very well in waterfront applications that receive overwash and spray from salt waters such as homes on barrier islands, beach fronts, and bay fronts. Caution should be used, however, when installing Prestige® turf in areas irrigated with salt contaminated water. It should never be used in applications where the primary irrigation source is high in salt content (such as sea water).